Plato for Dummies (I'm the Dummy)

Discussion in 'Philosophy' started by seattlegal, Jun 29, 2012.

  1. Snoopy

    Snoopy Active Member

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    Oh she's like a spinning glittery thing. But are you back, Paladin?
     
  2. Paladin

    Paladin Purchased Bewilderment

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    Oh I keep an eye on the forum from time to time. I've been a bit busy this past year, trying to finish up my BS in Psych finally. Been on the bucket list for years now. :)
     
  3. seattlegal

    seattlegal Why do cows say mu?

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    I wish I could send you some of the rain we've been getting here to help out with the fires over there. :/
     
  4. Paladin

    Paladin Purchased Bewilderment

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    Thanks for the thought SG, we could use it. Susan and I have decided we are moving to Seattle come spring. By then I'll be done with my degree. We are both very excited about the decision.
     
  5. Snoopy

    Snoopy Active Member

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    You should have said. I'd have swapped you mine for some decent running shoes :)
     
  6. Snoopy

    Snoopy Active Member

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    This isn't fair, everyone is - Vaj has gone that way I think.
     
  7. Snoopy

    Snoopy Active Member

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    SG, please don't start on about the Cave.

    ####grinding of teeth####
     
  8. seattlegal

    seattlegal Why do cows say mu?

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    OK, I won't. :D
     
  9. seattlegal

    seattlegal Why do cows say mu?

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    Kewl! :cool:

    I was born in Aurora, and it has been a long time since I've been back there. If you arrive in the spring, you'll have a chance for your skin to get pale over the winter so you won't be so conspicuous as out-of-state transplants!
     
  10. Etu Malku

    Etu Malku Mercuræn

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    In keeping with the OPP (original Platonic post:D)

    Plato on Ethics & the Soul/Psyche

    A high personal ethical standard, as Plato understood, is based purely on a love of and dedication to Virtue for its own sake - not on social or religious-ideological conditioning, enticements, or threats.

    Plato's soul/psyche had Higher & Lower passions, it was governed by a higher passion, Reason. If this was kept in tact, the other Lower passions were kept in their place. The main idea would have been based on acting morally (which is culturally subjective and a device for maintaining civic order).

    Morality is needed for happiness, a happy person would be a Just person. Though, there exists Tyrants that are quite happy and Saints that are quite miserable through suffering. This is where Plato establishes his theory on the soul/psyche.

    The Tyrant is being ruled by his Lower passions, he has displaced Reason with the Emotion & Appetite. Eventual discordance within will undoubtedly lead to unhappiness. On the other hand, happiness, as ordered by Reason will lead to internal harmony.

    Plato extended this theory to his ideology of a perfect society, where people led meaningful lives, and the ruling class ruled by Reason, which can be understood further in Freud's theories of the Id, Ego, and Superego.
     
  11. seattlegal

    seattlegal Why do cows say mu?

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    Compare to Tao Te Ching 38 (because I need subtitles)

    Chapter 38
    High virtue is not virtuous
    Therefore it has virtue
    Low virtue never loses virtue
    Therefore it has no virtue
    High virtue takes no contrived action
    And acts without agenda
    Low virtue takes contrived action
    And acts with agenda
    High benevolence takes contrived action
    And acts without agenda
    High righteousness takes contrived action
    And acts with agenda
    High etiquette takes contrived action
    And upon encountering no response
    Uses arms to pull others

    Therefore, the Tao is lost, and then virtue
    Virtue is lost, and then benevolence
    Benevolence is lost, and then righteousness
    Righteousness is lost, and then etiquette
    Those who have etiquette
    are a thin shell of loyalty and sincerity
    And the beginning of chaos
    Those with foreknowledge
    Are the flowers of the Tao
    And the beginning of ignorance
    Therefore the great person:
    Abides in substance, and does not dwell on the thin shell
    Abides in the real, and does not dwell on the flower
    Thus they discard that and take this
     
    Last edited: Jul 1, 2012
  12. Etu Malku

    Etu Malku Mercuræn

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    It's very hard to find fault with Taoism, truly one of the greatest religious philosophies of all time.

    When I was 8 or 9 I began reading the Tao Te Ching, I also began meditating and taking up martial arts. Some 40 years later I still find myself engulfed in Taoism and surrounded by its Initiates :)
     
  13. seattlegal

    seattlegal Why do cows say mu?

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    I'm thinking I'm gonna have to read some of Plato's stuff (Like The Republic,) as satire. Maybe I can accept him more if I view him as the Ann Coulter of his day.
     
  14. radarmark

    radarmark Quaker-in-the-Making

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    Not bad, that is pretty much how I read it. Learned early that the pre-Socratics had alternative logics which failed to make the cut into Plato and Aristotle.
     
  15. Thomas

    Thomas Well-Known Member

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    OK.

    OK. So this is the 'thing-in-itself', the substance or ousia is the absolute baseline of the thing, if the substance or ousia changes, it is not the thing it was.

    Quite. I am human ... so are you ... that is our ousia, our humanity, which is therefore a universal, and only manifests in particulars. where do you look for the universal ousia of 'human', outside of people? Where can you find red-in-itself, red-as-red, rather than things that are red?

    But it is not inherent to the substance of apples, for some apples are green. Human nature inheres in the substance of a person, in the same way that apple-ness inheres in the apple ... but apples and humans can be red (leave me in the sun for longer than 30 minutes) and apples and humans can be green (feed me three bottles of beer (three bottles can lay me out for half a day with a hangover from hell! Half a bottle of scotch, and I'm in the mood for dancing, and bright as a pin the next day ... go figure?))

    Quite. Cos not all apples are red, nor are they all juicy, but all apples are apples.

     
  16. Thomas

    Thomas Well-Known Member

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    Quite. It's all getting a bit complex ... I fall back on 'there's nothing in the mind that was not first in the senses'

    This is where Bernard Lonergan champions 'common sense' ...

    Supposing we lived in a universe where everything was entirely self-contained and did not communicate, did not and could not, relate or interact with anything else ... then how would it know what it was? How would it know what it is? Upon what could it reflect?

    I think we cannot conceive of something, without unavoidably invoking a contrary, or a comparative. 'Blackness' or 'darkness' as a quality is only conceivable after the experience ... how can someone define or discuss what one has not experienced (other than imagination or fantasia)?

    Is this in the area of what you're talking about?

    How would we know redness in a monochrome cosmos?

    God bless

    Thomas
     
  17. seattlegal

    seattlegal Why do cows say mu?

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    It sounds like he is describing conceptual thinking. I'm one that believes that conceptual thinking is inherent to our minds. In fact, clinging to concepts can become a psychological impediment for some, a sign of maladaption to stress, imo.

    Am I anywhere close here? :confused:
     
  18. seattlegal

    seattlegal Why do cows say mu?

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    How do people blind from birth gain a concept of "redness" or "greenness?" Sure, they communicate with sighted people, and can get an idea of "redness" or "greeness" via association with other things.

    Is logic based upon sensory information?
     
  19. Thomas

    Thomas Well-Known Member

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    So do I.

    Oooh, a good point, but so arguable from another viewpoint.

    The observer sees in the inkblot according to his or her experience, can I say that? That does not mean the inkblot contains the substance of what we see, as the inkblot that looks like an irish wolfhound is not an irish wolfhound, it's just that I've got a thing about irish wolfhounds ... but that inkblot could become a fetish object for me ... it could become a sign for 'irish wolfhound' in language.

    Believe in the mark, and you have 'the black spot' ...

    But we're still back to experience.

    A graphic designer did a test among native Africa folk, after a poster campaign to promote immunisation. He wanted to research how effective his posters were. He assumed his 'graphic language', simplified and stylistic, would transcend the barrier of the written word.

    It turned out the locals simply did not see what he saw in the poster, they saw one thing as something else entirely, I'll check it if I can, I'm sure the report said where he did a stylised eye, they saw a bird ... so that when he took three posters done in the same style, turned one upside down, it was a complete guess on the part of the locals when asked which one it was.

    Just to make things a little more complex.

    God bless,

    Thomas
     
  20. seattlegal

    seattlegal Why do cows say mu?

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    How can we create new things within our subjective minds if we are limited only to our sensory input? Sure our senses will be needed to guide bringing the concept from the subjective mind out into reality, but that doesn't explain the original conception in the first place.
     

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