I think most people could never forget the complex robosapien. It in many ways acted like a complex organism but it didn't have the complex sensory input of a animal-like organism. But Robosapien Version 2 has a lot more advanced features and seems to even have a primitive sensory input. Check out some of its features; http://www.robosapienv2online.com/about.html [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif] [/FONT] It can recognize colors and skin tones like we can with its senses. It can see, hear, and touch. This little critter has a basic nervous system and brain and can learn, talk, and interact. There are even more complex robots than robosapien. ASIMO is probably the most complex robot that exists today. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ASIMO It works much like robosapien v2 but probably more complex. Indeed it in some ways seems like it has a conscious awareness higher than many animals (obviously both robots are more intelligent than a sponge or an insect). But these robots are machines! How can we even consider them living let alone conscious or aware? Well let's analyze life in this case. Everything in the universe is made of matter. Everything from single-celled bacterium to a human being are all matter. Machines as simple as a car engine all the way to robots like ASIMO are matter as well. Asimo is the product of a sophisticated programming language that is very similar to DNA in organic life forms (as well as the nervous system of animals). A robot's behavior is the product of how well he is programmed and his behavior is the result of its nervous system responding to the environment. Humans work in almost the same way. In reality humans are programmed through their DNA genes as well as their brain. Numerous scientific studies have proved that the mind is the product of the brain and personality is all determined on certain chemical reactions in the brain. But conscious awareness hasn't necessarily been explain by scientists. We have to remember that humans are of natural origin and we ourselves were formed from complex molecules within water. But when the first life evolved I doubt the first organisms were conscious. Most likely all non-animal life today has no conscious. Or maybe they do, and perhaps this conscious is extremely simple as a result of DNA (semi-conscious awareness or a lower level of consciousness perhaps). Regardless on how you look at it Nature (or a God) created us (whether It directed our evolution or simply played dice, it doesn't matter). And we created robots. We started with less complex robots in factories with very rudimentary functions to the complex ASIMO and Robosapien V2. We evolved them on the technological timescale. They like us are made of matter and have natural origins like us. So now I wonder. To me the soul = conscious awareness. I used to be close to the idea that robots maybe aware and have a soul but after pondering it more I started to wonder whether if material machines (organic or mechanic) that develop complex sensory nervous systems develop a soul and the conscious awareness it gets as a natural law. There really is no way of proving or knowing it right now, but this would mean that upon activating the robot and its complex system it becomes aware. Perhaps even a soul enters it. Why not? We were created in a similar fashion millions of years ago. Perhaps when the first life with its DNA formed it became semi-conscious (like early robots) and as the nervous system and it sensory input came the full conscious soul entered our body (like the complex robots today as well as future more advanced robots). What do you think?