cognate deity names

Discussion in 'History and Mythology' started by Alvis Rofhessa, Nov 23, 2006.

  1. Alvis Rofhessa

    Alvis Rofhessa Active Member

    Aug 16, 2006
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    (I didn't know whether to put this under mythology or comparative studies, I guess it is more in this sub-forum area.)

    My thesis is that the names of gods all around the world are/can be related. Everyone I have mentioned this to has attacked me, and said it is not true and can't be done. Although I have a long way still to go, I have neverthless made many amazing discoveries despite everyones adamant insistence/assertations.

    This thread/topic is intended to be both (A.) for me to submit/share my discoveries and/or possible "discoveries" to you, and/but also (B.) for you to post your own theories/thoughts/feelings/ideas/info/data/criticism/etc (whether your own, or ones you have read/heared from other peoples books/etc).

    Though I would prefer this thread/topic to be mainly about possible name (cognate) correspondences, some digression into/on synonymous natures or common/similar themes would also be interesting as long as it doesn't push out the intended original purpose/focus of connecting names.

    (Please note that each future post/entry of my own will take time for me to get around to doing, sometimes long time, sometimes short. And remember some will be definately correct, and/but some will/may be wrong as this is a new pioneeering trial and error field, and I am not fully informed/educated/conversant with the full scope of extant knowledge in the currently reached level of orthodox linguistics/philology.)

    Name connections can turn out to provide a lot of new light on hitherto not well-understood mythological details, eg see Sedna in coming post.
    Many other implications in various fields arise, such as for example proof of contacts between Americas and Old World across Atlantic.

    Coming planned posts of my own will probably be the ones on Sin, Enlil, and Ea.

    Here is a starter on a particular culture/people/pantheon rather than on a particular deity's worldwide cognates:

    Tupi-Guarani deities:

    Guaracy 'sun'......................~ Semitic............Heres/Keret 'sun/gold' (C Berlitz.)
    Jacy 'moon'........................ ~ Hamitic............Yah 'moon'/Ea.
    Ir-in Mage 'magic/deluge/rain' ~ Sumer-Akkadia..En-lil 'wind'.
    Toru-shompek 'sun'...............~ Akkadian..........Shamash 'sun'.
    Peruda 'generation'............... ~ Indo-Europea...Freyr/Peruwa.
  2. Alvis Rofhessa

    Alvis Rofhessa Active Member

    Aug 16, 2006
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    #1. Sin worldwide cognates (few poss wrong):

    Sin/Sinne (Akkadian) 'moon'.
    Sina/Hina/Ina (Polynesian) 'moon' (RA Lochore, E Sykes).
    Si (Chimu Indian) 'moon' (Z Sitchin, Fitzgerald-Lee).
    Singala (Arab).
    Chia (Muyscaya Indian) 'moon' [otherwise could be Hea/Ea?]
    Ya'china'ut (Koryak) 'moon'.
    Sedna (Eskimo) 'sea, one-eyed' [moon ~ sea via tides, tidal-bulge, cresent/boat, lake/mirror. For possible -d- infix compare eg Raudna/Rauni?] (Larouse seemingly possibly hints that this correspondence is poss already secretly known?)
    Zin (Songhay) 'water', though Zin is thought to be from Arab Djin.
    Tin(ia) (Etruscan) 'sky, fire, lightning, birth' [birth waters].
    Cinteotl (Aztec) 'night, 4' [though prob not related, being more likely = Ki as maize deity].
    ?Sia (Egyptian) 'perception, hand, papyrus, intellect, travels, barque' [eye/moon, moon connect with wisdom via calendar/measure/maths, night travellers]?

    A few other less likely/unfinished possibilities left out.
    Sin & cognates may possibly be cognate with Selene & cognates with l/n interchange as in Hebrew and Celt (etc)?, but I will give Selene as a separate (cross-referenced) future entry. If Sin and Selene are same then that would possibly give 2 branches of diffusion!
  3. Alvis Rofhessa

    Alvis Rofhessa Active Member

    Aug 16, 2006
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    My apologies to anyone who may have already seen some of my deity name connections on my older threads on Skadi forum and Simaqianstudio history forum.

    # 2. Enlil world wide cognates (some may be wrong):

    El-lil/En-lil/Ill-in-us/Nin-lil/Mul-lil (Sumer-Akkad) 'mtn, storm, wild ox, wind, air, axe' [alt/also read/rendered In-Sakh].
    An-ila (India) 'wind' [Greek word anima].
    Fei Li-en (Chinese) 'wind, direction'.
    Ton-en-ili (Navaho) 'rain, celestial, skies, 4 card pts, storm clouds, blue, fox, rainbows' [and see Donar/Danu].
    Lilu (Berber) 'rainwater'.
    El-lel (Hittite/Hurrian) [cp Alalus?]
    Olila (Ghana) 'Buadza, storm, wind'.
    Ir-in Mage (Tupi-Guarani) 'magic, rain, deluge'.
    Lil-uri (Syria) 'mtn, weather, bull' [or prob more likely is Ilwer/Wer/Mer].
    Ilmatar 'air, heroine' or Ilmar-inen/Inmar 'hero, hill, smith, young, sky, weather, stars, travellers' (Finn/Votyak) [Ilmarinen alt/also resembles Ilwer/Wer/Mer?]
    Iris (Greek) 'rainbow, wings' [tho cp Egyptian word i-r 'eye'?]
    I'lena (Koryak) 'rain, spirit'.
    Hi'lina (Haida) 'thunder, wings, ltning, clouds, cloak'.
    Painal (Aztec) 'hasty, war' [or see Paean/Pavana].
    Ir-min (German) 'war, hero, grove'.
    Igalilik (Eskimo) 'hunting, spirit, travels, icy wastes' [tho Igaluk (igloo?) more resembles Ea, Glaucus or Galatea?]
    Ilat (East Africa) 'rain'.
    Hila (Eskimo) 'air' [tho primary spelling Sila(p inua) would seem to disproove this].
    Ilyapa (Peru) 'weather, thunder, firearms'.
    Ilya (Slav) 'prophet, merged with Perun' [said to be Elijah or Helios].
    Iraj (Iran) [tho see Ares].
  4. flowperson

    flowperson Oannes

    May 8, 2006
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    Alvis Rofhessa:

    Just to let you know that there's at least one soul out here that appreciates your hard work on this. I have always held that if we go far enough back into the past through the analysis of linkages among languages, religious ritual, and genetic heritage we'll eventually find significant common ground and crossovers we could never have imagined. But then there are some who do not seek any knowledge of any of that. What a shame.... thank you.

  5. Alvis Rofhessa

    Alvis Rofhessa Active Member

    Aug 16, 2006
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    Thank-you flow(person), makes a change from all the negative/de-constructive criticism I've had in last 12 months! Tho I would like to also actually have people discuss possibile correspondences too.

    (Yes I believe/have evidence that all religions d/evolved from one common original, but since myth and bible are about a dualistic conflict between 2 lines thruout whole of history/time (eg Horus vs Set), that means that the religion/[politics] of the future will not quite reconcile all of humanity/world, there will be 2 sides (In and Out), and it looks like the (western) world religion is going to be at odds with Judaeo-Xtianity.)

    Note about entry on Sin:
    It is said that Sin/shin/Sinne is from Su-en which is said to equate with En-zu (tho Zi-ana may be more/less likely possibility?) I was of the opinion that Sin and Enzu were to be treated as separate entries, but since I treated En-lil and its reverse Ill-in-us as interchangeable perhaps Sin and Enzu are a little more likely to also be closely related?

    All I have on Enzu so far is:
    Sumer-Akkad Enzu ~ Egyptian Kh-ensu, and perhaps Indian Indu??? (tho said to be short for Sindhu).
  6. juantoo3

    juantoo3 ....whys guy.... ʎʇıɹoɥʇnɐ uoıʇsǝnb

    Jan 9, 2004
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    Kindest Regards, Alvis Rofhessa, and welcome to CR!

    I am sorry to hear of the troubles you are having in your scholarly quest, but this subject is not universally frowned upon. I would like to recommend a couple of books that may be of great assistance in your search. One from the states dated to 1865 from a pamphlet written in 1859 by Rev. Alexander Hislop is titled "The Two Babylons." A second British book by Sir (?) Frazer (possibly Frazier) titled "The Golden Bough" from around 1880 is another very good scholarly resource that extensively covers the ground you are looking over. Both have different agendas and draw different conclusions, but both are extensively researched. A more modern scholar that may appeal to you on this issue is Joseph Campbell, he has written a number of books I would like to read one day myself.

    There is a long time contributor here, "No God No Masters", who has posted quite a few posts that cover some of these things. If you know how to look up a person by their "name" here, and then look under the posts they have written, it should make your search a lot easier.

    Best of wishes, and good luck in your search!
  7. Alvis Rofhessa

    Alvis Rofhessa Active Member

    Aug 16, 2006
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    Thanks Juantoo3.

    re "not universally frowned upon": sure there are a certain amount of writers/scholars who have written on comparative mythology, but when it comes to my thesis of world-wide deity names (conate) correspondences the extant literature is pretty small/limited, even just Indo-European as a whole is not very much.

    I have Hislop's 2 Babylons. Although it has some good/useful info in it, it is not really that extensive in terms of world wide deity names corrsepondences, and he wrongly translates names using Hebrew words. Although the theory that Hebrew was the original world language may poss be true, it is not so straight forward interpreting names straight from Hebrew/Chaldee words. Tho ultimately the names of gods do correspond to biblical persons eg Rimmon/Ramman/Rimac (rain) = Lamech (lament)?(Winckie Pratney, RA Anderson, and JT Chick have good summaries tho I no longer have Chick's publications.)

    I have the abridged version of Frazer's Golden Bough, but again while it has some useful thematic/nature/attribute correspondences it doesn't have many name correspondences excepting "Janus/Dianus"/etc & "Jana/Diana/Juno"/etc.

    There is a writer John (or Derek) Jewell who put out some publications that have some good correspondences esp on Tiwaz/Zeus.

    LA Waddell's British Edda and Makers of Civilisation have quite a few unique correspondences of Greek, Norse, Sumerian, Indian, biblical, Celt and Egyptian deities, tho some are wrong, and still far short of any universal scheme.

    Frazer, Jewell and Waddell all have different Tiwaz/Zeus derivations/correspondences!

    A good reference book is Gerald Massey, A Book of Beginnings, tho I only have one volume.

    Georges Dumezil and Bruce Lincoln have some good name and nature correspondences but he doesn't have much more than within restrictive confines of conventional IE linguistics, some of which are wrong.

    Joseph Campbell from what I remember has some good/useful nature/theme correspondences but not name ones?, but unfortunately I/local library don't have his Oriental &/or Occidental Mythology.

    An author I *really* liked was GW Cox, Mythology of the Aryan Nations, which really did have a lot of Indo-European cognates, but unfortunately I don't have copy of book, & my notes were destroyed, and library (not local one) got rid of all their old books or put them in stack.

    Grimm (& Bulfinch, & Max Muller?) have quite a few Germanic/I-E connections but unfortunately I don't have their books (and what notes I had were destroyed in crisis 2 yrs ago.)

    An author I would *really* like to get is Idries Shah.

    Another author I'd *really* like to get is Cohane's The Key.

    Barbara Walker's Women's Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets is a very good reference/source, but a bit chaotic/limited/unreliable.


    # 3. Yamm world-wide cognates (couple poss wrong):

    Yam/Yamm (Egypt/Syria/Babylon) 'ocean/sea'.
    Ymi-r (Norse) 'frost, deluge, ship, sailing'.
    Yima (Iran) 'flood'.
    Yam (Arab) 'Noah's son'.
    Amm (s Arab) 'moon, weather, lightning'.
    Immap Ukua (Eskimo) 'sea'.
    Dais-Imid (N Amerind) 'shell' [cp Maya imix "water"].
    Yamuna (India) 'river, blue'.
    Yemaja (Yoruba) 'water, lake, river' [tho as Yemanja see Mani?]
    Inkanyamba (Zulu) 'storms, water, tornado'.
    Nammu (Sumer-Akkad) 'watery, birth, riverbed, clay'.
    Im (Mesopotamia) 'storm' [storms at sea, deluge = storm, rain/storm].
    Almo (Italic) 'river'.
    Iamos (Greek) 'Poseidon his grandfather, purple, river, sea'.
    Amphi-trite (Greek) 'sea, ....'
    Palaemon (Greek) 'sea'.
    Asherat-ian (Ugarit) 'sea'.
    Amimitl (Aztec) 'lakes, fish hunters'.
  8. juantoo3

    juantoo3 ....whys guy.... ʎʇıɹoɥʇnɐ uoıʇsǝnb

    Jan 9, 2004
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    Kindest Regards, Alvis!
    I seriously question whether we are discussing the same book. It is apparent you are more familiar with the topic at hand than I, however, Hislop was (is) my indoctrination into this subject, and his work *extensively* corresponds *world wide* deity names. Further, his translation of hebrew words is relatively small in comparison with the total content of his book. Whether there are more authoratative authors on the subject I admit to not knowing, but Hislop, considering the day and age in which he wrote, is quite extensive.

    I seriously do not recall Hislop making this direct statement of Hebrew being the basis of language. I do know this is a common presumption among some, be that as it may, a group of us here made a quest of our own to research that very issue some time back in a thread about the origin of languages. While Hebrew may not be the source of all others, all others can be shown to come from a sanskrit source, with a handfull of exceptions. Notably the Oriental languages (Chinese, Korean, Japanese, etc) and one or two obscure languages from the hinterlands of Europe. This from reputable scholarly sources dealing in the study of linguistics.

    Ah, but therein lies some of the correspondences you are seeking: the linguistics are tied to the function. I.E., the god of the hunt in one culture often *translates* or *transliterates* into the god of the hunt in another culture.

    For example, I recently learned the Chinese have a "father Christmas" type figure, who they call Sinda Lau Yin. I cannot help but be amazed at the similarity with Santa Claus. And as we have already discovered here in a thread titled "santa theory," santa claus goes back as much as 60 thousand years, recognized by the ancient Ainu and Laplanders as the Wild Man.

    Cool. Hislop covers Zeus and correspondences well.

    Cool, something to look forward to.

    Such is the nature of scholarship.

    Another to look for.

    Again, scholarship. :cool:

    I can accept this. In mentioning Campbell I was remiss in not sticking directly to "words." I was drawing *complete* connections, of which words / names are but a token. As I mentioned already, function figures into these correspondences as well. Campbell's focus is on function.

    Sounds like some interesting reads, of course one could make this a study of a lifetime. Not to disregard such in any way, I have other skillets in the fire, and this subject (while important) is not the "be all and end all" to me. In short, this subject is but a minor fraction of my anthropological studies. I wish you well in your search, keep us posted! :D
  9. Alvis Rofhessa

    Alvis Rofhessa Active Member

    Aug 16, 2006
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    well it has been a while since my last entry/post but I very miserable/lazy/busy/distracted/unmotivated/uninspired lately and can't say if/when I will be able to post next/further entry/ies. So in meantime I give you links to previous posts of some entries on other forums,
    indo-european cogantes only:
    world but older/less certain:
    Philology of God Names - History Forum

    I have many where only a few/couple that I could perhaps post like:
    Indian Kama 'love/desire' ~ Greek Comus 'sensual pleasure' (comedy?)

    Are there any (other) deity names any of you would like to know my info/data/ideas on?
    Do any of you have any connections (of your own or from other sources) you'd like to share?
  10. Alvis Rofhessa

    Alvis Rofhessa Active Member

    Aug 16, 2006
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    found motivation to do a whole lot of (unexhaustive) entries at once. As I have/want put them on my web page there is no point posting them on web/net twice so here is where you can see them:
    Life & Tradition |
    I would very much like any pro/con comments/feedback (please?)
  11. wil

    wil UNeyeR1 Moderator

    Oct 17, 2005
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    Not maybe the comment you were looking for but the combination of that background and that font is painful.

    Your info seems extensive, but I have to cut and paste it to another format to read it. I'd try bolder/larger/different font/ it just my 50 year old eyes?
  12. Ross S Marshall

    Ross S Marshall Well-Known Member

    May 1, 2021
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    [My thesis is that the names of gods all around the world are/can be related. ]

    I agree: [I hope this is not too long??? ENJOY]

    Chapter Seven

    Identities of the Noahic Elite of genesis 10 found in National Mythologies.

    Each patriarch or matriarch commands only one primary entry. Either by primary entries or cross-referencing, every name in Genesis 10 and three from Genesis 11 are listed in the order of occurrence in the Bible. Three columns present the biblical name of the primary entrant, various identities and the political or cultural context in which the name occurs. Names in boldface in the central column are ones used most often in this study when they do not correspond to the all-capital name to the left. Biblical citations are placed in parentheses.

    NOAH (10:1)

    Aeëtesking of Colchis in Hellenic Argonautica

    Alalu Hurrian father of Kumarbi

    Anu Subarian heaven god

    Apsu primordial sea personified in Akkadian Marduk Epic

    Baiame Australian god, father of Daramulun

    Bai-Ulgan variant of Kudai Bai Ülgön

    Dagan (Siton) Ugaritic and Philistine fish god

    Dedan (10:7) Hebrew vassal of Cush

    Didanu Amorite king

    Etana Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    GebEgyptian earth god of the Ennead

    Glooskap Algonquian hero god

    Inachus Hellenic first man

    Indra Indian storm god

    Ikshvaku Indo-Arayan first ruler

    Itzamna Mayan god, father of four Bacabs

    Kudai Bai Ülgön Altaic father god god

    Kudda Sumerian ruler of Fourth Erech

    Lehab- (10:13) Hebrew vassal of Mizraim

    Menulis Baltic god

    Neptunus Roman sea god

    Nun Egyptian husband of Naunet in the Ogdoad

    SarlagabGutian ruler

    Ukkoinnish sky god

    Ukush Sumerian ruler at Umma in Dynasty IIIPeriod

    iusudra (Uta-napishtim) Ark builder at Sumerian Shuruppak

    SHEM (10:1)

    Adad (Dada) Syrian storm god

    Aliyan Bal Ugaritic storm god

    Amun Egyptian husband of Amaunet in the Ogdoad

    Anzu (Zu)Akkadian “thief of the Enlilship”

    Balih Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Brahma Indian creator god of the Trimurti

    Dadasig Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Dardanus Hellenic-Phrygian progenitor

    Darya Andamese ruler of southwestern half of mankind

    Dyaus Aryan sky god, equivalent to Zeus

    Enmeduranna antediluvian ruler at Sippar

    Hangwehdiyu Iroquois benevolent creator-wind god

    HarharuAmorite king

    Herakles Hellenic demigod, “Strength of Ham”

    Ishkur Sumerian storm god

    Jebus- (10:16) Hebrew vassal of Canaan

    Kumarbi Hurrian god, father of five (10:22)

    Lugalzagesi Sumerian ruler of Third Erech

    Melchizedek (14:18) Hebrew king of Salem

    Mummu vizier of Apsu in Marduk Epic

    Ometeotl Aztec creator god

    Phra RamThai brother of Phra Lak

    Puzur-ili Sumerian ruler of Fourth Erech

    Puzur-Sin Sumerian ruler of Fourth Kish

    Puzur-Sin Gutian ruler

    Raamah (10:7) Hebrew vassal of Cush

    Rama Chandra Indian hero of the Ramayana (? could be Joktan, s. of Eber)

    RammanAssyrian version of Ishkur

    Sem (Argl)Balto-Slavic god

    SethEgyptian son of Geb in the Ennead

    Tar Prussian version of Teutonic Thor

    Taru Hittite storm god, “father” of Telipinu

    Tata Elamite ruler at Awan

    Teutates Gallic god of human sacrifice

    Thor (Sig) Teutonic storm god

    Tös KhanAltaic son of Kudai Bai Ülgön

    Zeus Hellenic Olympian storm and sky god

    HAM (10:1)

    Ao-Ping (Huandi - Yel, Central Peak) Chinese chief Ocean Dragon King

    Anshar father of Anu in AkkadianMarduk Epic

    Bera (14:2) Hebrew king of Amorite Sodom

    CaucaMayan Bacab of the yellow south,son of Itzamna

    Dumuzi the Shepherd antediluvian ruler at Badtibira

    Enmebaraggesi Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Girgash- (10:16) Hebrew vassal of Canaan

    Gurmu inscriptional name of grandfather ofSumerian ruler Ur Nanshe at Lagash

    HablumGutian ruler

    Hangwehdaetgah Iroquois wind god, evil brother of Hangwehdiyu

    Hanu Amorite king

    Havilah Hebrew vassal of Cush

    Heh Egyptian husband of Hauhet in the Ogdoad(Hah, nome god of Metelis)

    Hellen Hellenic son of Iapetus

    Hermes Hellenic Olympic god

    Hybla Sicilian bee god

    IlshuSemitic ruler of Mari in Sumerian Dynasty III period

    Jemshid Persian god

    Kirghiz Khan Altaic son of Kudai Bai Ülgon

    Kama Indian love god

    Mixcoatl Aztec god

    Raki (Rangi) Maori sky god

    ShuEgyptian air god of the Ennead

    Tamusi Carib god

    Tammuz Semitic version of Dumuzi the Shepherd

    Uranus Hellenic heaven Titan

    Ur-Nammu Sumerian ruler of Third Ur

    Veles Baltic god of the Dumuziship

    Zehuti (Thoth) Egyptian god of the moon

    JAPHETH (10:1)

    Atab Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Atum Re sun god of Lower Egypt, head of First Ennead, god of the nome of Pithom

    Ensipazianna antediluvian ruler at Larak

    Fornjot Teutonic giant, father of Hler, Logi and Kari

    Hatanish ruler of Elamite Hamazi in Sumerian Dynasty III period

    Iarlagab Gutian ruler

    Inti Incan sun god

    Kedorlaomer (14:1) Elamite king (See war of Abraham)

    Kek Egyptian husband of Kauket the Ogdoad

    Lacedaemon Hellenic eponym of Lacedaemonians

    Lahmu Akkadian “father” of Anshar and Kishar

    Lugh Gallic god

    Luh-ishan Elamite ruler of Awan

    Malsumis variant of Maslum

    Masluh- (10:14) Hebrew vassal of Mizraim

    Maslum (Malsumis) Algonquin “brother” of Glooskap

    Mesilim Sumerian early ruler of Kish

    Phra Lak Thai brother of Phra Ram

    Prajapati Indian “father of creatures”

    Re-Harakhte Egyptian “Horus of the Two Horizons,”

    god of the nome of Edfu

    Sheba II (10:7) Hebrew vassal of Cush

    Snefru (Snofru) Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty IV

    Suilap Altaic son of Kudai Bai Ülgön

    Sumuabu “Shem is my father,” variant of Zuabu

    Svarog Slavic smith god

    Tonatiuh Aztec sun god

    Zuabu (Sumuabu) Amorite king


    GOMER (10:2)

    Dazhbog Slavic sun god, son of Svarog

    Gumalum ruler at Syrian Ebla

    Himavan Indian god of the Himalayas

    Himerus Hellenic son of Lacedaemon

    Hler Teutonic sea god

    Khufu (Cheops) Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty IV

    Kon Incan son of Inti

    Lagomar Elamite god

    Llyr British sea god

    Lugalure Sumerian ruler of Second Erech

    Mont Egyptian war god of the nome of Hermonthis

    MAGOG (10:2) [Wind god]

    Anubis Egyptian jackal god of the nome of Cynopolis (“Dog City”)

    Ayar MancoIncan god

    Hurricano Amerindian wind god

    Kalibum (“Dog”) Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Kari Amazonian culture hero

    Kari Teutonic wind god

    Kurum Gutian ruler

    Mango-Capac Incan hero god, son of Inti

    Menkaure Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty IV

    Rudra Iranian wind god

    Svantovit Slavic fertility god, son of Svarog

    MADAI (10:2)

    Agni Indian fire god

    Ahura Mazda Iranian god of goodness and light,winning duelist at Aratta

    Chipiapoos Algonquian god of the dead

    Logi Teutonic fire god

    Mashda Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Pachacamac Incan son of Inti

    Svarogich Slavic fire god, son of Svarog

    JAVAN (10:2)

    Brân Welsh son of Llyr

    Ibranum Gutian ruler

    Redjedef Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty IV

    TUBAL EBER (10:2)

    Agilim Hurrian “son” of Kumarbi

    Athamas Hellenic father of Phrixus, Melicertes and Helle

    Atys Hellenic version of Phrygian god

    Bor Teutonic father of god Odin

    Bull of the Desert Egyptian god of Xois

    Dumuzi the Wild Bull Sumerian god

    Eber (10:24) Hebrew son of Shelah

    Ebore god of the Yoruba (Nigeria)

    Ebrium ruler of Syrian Ebla

    Elam (10:22) Hebrew vassal of Shem

    Elulumesh Gutian ruler

    Fa Yoruba god of fate

    Faunus Latin progenitor, son of Picus

    Gilgamesh Sumerian ruler of Eanna dynasty

    Hotepsekhemwy Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty II

    Mbori chief god of the Sudanic Azande

    Nabu (Nebo) Babylonian god of prophecy

    NuabuAmorite king

    Poch Welsh father of Fercos

    Samug (Mezsamug) Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Sekhemkhet Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty III

    Shemeber (14:2) Hebrew king of Zeboiim

    Tamas Indian god of gloom

    Volkh Russian hero of the Bogatyri

    Yamm Ugaritic son of Tr Il


    Aram (10:22) Hebrew vassal of Shem

    Aranzah Hurrian “son” of Kumarbi

    Bes Egyptian god

    Besh Libyan ruler

    Car Hellenic eponym of the Carians

    Emisee (Esaugetah) Muskhogean creator god

    Emsu Amorite king

    Esu Yoruba god

    Esus Gallic god

    Joktan (10:25) Hebrew son of Eber

    Khaba Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty III

    Khitan Arabian version of Joktan

    Kubera (“Ugly Body”) Indian god of wealth in the north

    Mael the Tall Welsh hero

    Melicertes Hellenic son of Athamas

    Melqart Canaanite god

    Meskiaggasher Sumerian ruler of First Erech (Eanna)

    Mihula Russian hero of the Bogatyri

    Odin Teutonic king of the gods

    Re-Neb “Re is My Father,” Egyptian Pharaoh of Dynasty II

    Tawiskara Iroquoian twin brother and antagonist to Ioskeha

    Tin Etruscan god

    Tizkar Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    TIRAS (10:2)

    Nyneter Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty II

    Tirigan Gutian ruler

    Tyrsenus Hellenic eponym of the Tyrsenoiof Phrygia


    Abazu Amorite king

    Argandea Sumerian ruler of Second Uruk

    Ix Mayan Bacab of the black west,son of Itzamna

    Jason Hellenic hero of the Argonautica

    Kanati Cherokee hunter god

    KwikumatYuman creator god from the sea

    Quetzalcoatl Aztec god of priests

    Markandeya Indian ruler

    Mes-gandeSumerian ruler at Erech in Sumerian Dynasty III period

    Pelasgus Hellenic son of first man Inachus

    Skan Siouan creator god

    Vishnu Indian sustainer god of the Trimurti

    Wabasso Algonquin god

    Wakanda variant of Wakan-Tanka

    Wakan-Tanka Dakotan god

    Wash Libyan enemy of Narmer

    Yarilo Slavic god

    Yarlaganda (Yarlagan) Gutian ruler

    Yaşil Kan Altaic son of Bai-Ulgan

    RIPHATH (10:3)

    Absyrtos son of Aeëtes king of Colchis in Hellenic Argonautica

    AdamuAmorite king

    Adapa Sumerian sinner of the Myth of Adapa

    Adonis Hellenic lover of Aphrodite

    Amor- (10:16) Hebrew vassal of Canaan

    Asir (Osiris, Usire) Egyptian s. of Geb in the Ennead,god of wine, death, resurrection

    Chakekenapok Algonquin god

    Daramulun Australian son of Baiame

    Dionysus Hellenic Olympian god of wine

    Dumuzi-abzu Sumerian god of the abyss, male version

    Fufluns Etruscan god of wine

    Ibate Gutian ruler

    Kara Khan Altaic “Black Prince,” son of KudaiBai Ülgön

    = Karşhit Altaic son of Bai-Ulgan

    Khasekhem Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty II

    Khenti-Amentiu Egyptian version of Asir at Thinis-Abydos

    Kikku-siwe-tempti ruler of Awan in Sumerian Dynasty III period

    Mictlantecuhtli Aztec god of the underworld

    Mulac Mayan “Bacab” god

    Olifat Micronesian culture hero

    Pathrus- (10:14) Hebrew vassal of Mizraim

    Sabazius Thracian god of wine

    Sabitum Sumerian father of Arwium of First Kish

    Seba (10:7) Hebrew vassal of Cush

    Shiva Indian destroyer god of the Trimurti

    Shiva Pashupati Dravidian god in India

    Tamula Carib god


    AnhurEgyptian version of Horus the Elder, nome god of Sebennytos

    Bacchus Roman god of wine

    Birsha (14:2)king of Gomorrah

    Burça KanAltaic son of Bai-Ulgan

    Har (Horus the Elder) Egyptian brother of Asir and Seth

    Inimbakesh Gutian ruler

    Kan Mayan Bacab of the red east,son of Itzamna

    Pyrshak KhanAltaic son of Kudai Bai Ülgön

    Qalumum Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Sahlamu (Kitlamu) Amorite king

    Sokar Egyptian god of the dead

    Tuge Sumerian ruler of Second Kish

    [unnamed] Cappadocian wine god

    Xiuhtecuhtli Aztec “Turquoise Lord,” the “old god” of fire and hearth

    ELISHAH (10:4)

    Agenor Hellenic son of Poseidon

    Aliche Siberian dragon god

    Alkhla (Arakho) variant of Aliche

    Hela Teutonic son of Loki

    Melam-KishSumerian ruler of First Kish

    KITT- (10:4)

    Cadmus Hellenic son of Agenor

    Khetm Egyptian pre-dynastic pharaoh Lugal-kitun Sumerian ruler at Uruk

    NangishlishmaSumerian ruler of First Kish


    Bahina (Babum) Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Enkidu Sumerian servant of Gilgamesh

    Fenris Teutonic “son” of Loki

    Lugal-TarsiSumerian ruler of Ur or Uruk inDynasty III period

    Phoenix Hellenic son of Agenor


    Danaus Hellenic son of Belus son of Poseidon

    Jörmagandr Teutonic “son” of Loki

    Ro Egyptian pre-dynastic pharaoh

    “Rosette Scorpion” Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty 0

    Zukakip (“Scorpion”) Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Hamite Section

    CUSH (10:6)

    Ao-Shun (Baidi,Xuanlong, White, North) Chinese Ocean Dragon Kingof the North (Persian Gulf)

    Chernobog Slavic “black god” of evil

    Djer Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty I

    Enlil Sumerian air god

    Hunab-ku Mayan god, “father” of Itzamna

    Hyperion Hellenic sun Titan, son of Uranus

    Inkishush Gutian ruler

    Kane Hawaiian god

    Karakuş Altaic “son” of Bai Ulgan

    Pan Hellenic shepherd god, son of Olympian Hermes

    Quirinus Roman father of Mars

    Tane-mehuta Polynesian “Father of Forests,” son of Raki

    Tapio Finnish forest god

    Tezcatlipoca Aztec god of political sovereignty

    Tupan Amazonian god, brother of Guaran,eponym of the Tupi

    Vidar Teutonic forest god

    Xuthus Hellenic father of Ion, eponym of the Ionians

    Yangi Amorite king

    MIZRAIM (10:6)

    Achaeus Hellenic eponym of the Achaeans

    Aka Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Amenominakanushi Japanese first god

    Angle Danish eponym of the Angles, brother of Dan

    Ao-Jun (Heidi, Bailong, Blk, West) Chinese Ocean Dragon King of the West (Red Sea)

    Djet Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty I

    Mandaru Amorite king

    Mennumna Sumerian ruler of Dynasty III period

    Min Egyptian storm god

    Mynogan Welsh god

    Oceanus Hellenic Ocean Titan

    Tabaldak Algonquin creator of Glooskap and Maslum

    Tangaroa (Tangaloa) Polynesian god of islands, son of Raki

    PHUT (10:6)

    Aeolus Hellenic wind god, eponym of the Aeolians

    Ao-Chin (Chidi, Zhulong, Red, South) Chinese Ocean Dragon King of the South

    (Gulf of Aden)

    Dan eponym of the Danes, brother of Angle

    Den Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty I

    Enlil-gi Sumerian ruler at Umma in Dynasty III period

    Iae Amazonian god

    Iapetus Hellenic Titan, son of Uranus

    Imta Gutian ruler

    Nanabozho (Manabush) Algonquian rabbit god

    Pu-AnnumSumerian ruler of First Kish

    Stribog Slavic wind god

    Tawhiri-matea Polynesian god, son of Raki

    Un Egyptian rabbit god of Hermopolis Magna, son of Zehuti

    Xolotl Aztec god

    Yacatecuhtli Aztec god of commerce


    Aiomun-Kondi Arawak god

    An Sumerian heaven god

    Anedjib Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty I

    Anu Akkadian heaven god in the Marduk Epic

    Anu Hurrian heaven god, antagonist of Alalu and Kumarbi

    Ao-Kwang (Cangdi, Qinglong, Blue, East) Chinese Ocean Dragon King of the East (Arabian Sea)

    Byelobog Slavic “white god” of good

    Cronus Hellenic Titan son of Uranus; father of Olympians Poseidon, Hades, and Zeus

    Chakekenapok Algonquian god

    Dorus Hellenic eponym of the Dorians

    Farbauti (“Fierce Striker”) Teutonic father of Loki

    Guaran god of the Amazonian Guarani,“Warrior” (in Spanish), brother of Tupan

    Gunidu Sumerian father of Lagashite Ur-Nanshe

    Huitzilopochtli Aztec war god

    Ilku Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Ku Hawaiian war god

    Tan-Gun founder of Korean dynasty(through grandson Akurgal)

    Tirawa Pawnee creator god

    Tudia founder of the Amorite dynasty

    Tue Teutonic war god

    Tu-matuenga Polynesian war god, son of Raki

    SEBA (10:7) See entry on RIPHATH.

    HAVILAH II See entry on HAM. (10:7)

    SABTAH (10:7)

    Arwium Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Ganesha Indian elephant god, son of Shiva and Parvati

    Harsu Amorite king

    Harsiesis Egyptian Horus the Younger,son of Osiris and Isis

    Karşit Altaic “son” of Bai Ulgan

    Lugal-Kingineshdudu Sumerian ruler at Ur or Uruk inDynasty III period

    Sopdu Egyptian god of Per-Sopd in Lower Egypt

    RAAMAH See entry on SHEM (10:7)

    SABTECAH / PELEG (10:7)

    Akki tutor of Sargon in Akkadian Legend of Sargon

    Aurva Indian fire tutor of Sagara

    Bhrigu Indian priest of fire

    Caradawg Welsh “son” of Brân

    Cernunnus Gallic horned god

    Fergus (Fercos) insular Celtic mythological king

    Frey (Fricco) Teutonic god

    Gulla-Nidaba-annapad Sumerian ruler of First Kish, titled “He Rules Them All”

    Gira variant of Irra

    Giraitis Lithuanian hunting god

    Hephaestus Hellenic Olympian smith god of fire

    Hiv- (10:17) Hebrew vassal of Canaan

    Iltasadum Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Ioskeha Iroquoian stag-antlered creator god

    Irra Akkadian god of fire

    Karaduku Andamese crocodile god, variant form of Puluga

    Kingu Akkadian ally of Tiamat, antagonist of Marduk in Marduk Epic

    Kulassina-ib-‘el variant of Gulla-Nidaba-annapad

    Latinus Roman eponym of the Latini in the line of Saturnus, Picus and Faunus

    Lugalannemundu Sumerian ruler of Adab in the Dynasty III period

    Lud (10:22) Hebrew vassal of Shem

    Lydus Hellenic-Phrygian eponym of the Lydians, son of Atys

    Nergal Sumerian god of the underworld, commonly identified with Irra

    Peleg (10:25) Hebrew son of Eber

    Peli Elamite ruler of Awan in the Sumerian Dynasty III period

    Perkuna Prussian storm god

    Phrixus Hellenic son of Athamas, brother of Melicertes

    Pillan volcano god of the Auca

    Prometheus Hellenic Titan, son of Iapetus

    Puluga Andamese god of the northeast wind,ruler of northeastern half of mankind

    Purugin Indian father of Sagara

    Puru Kan Altaic “son” of Bai Ulgan

    Resheph Canaanite god of destruction

    Shiva Pashupati Dravidian god in India, depicted in same posture as Cernunnus

    Sobek (Sobdek) Egyptian crocodile nome god of Crocodilopolis

    Ur-lugal Sumerian ruler of First Uruk (Eanna)

    Telipinu Hittite secondary storm god

    Tessub Hurrian storm god, “son” of Kumarbi

    VulcanRoman volcano-fire-smith god

    The relationship between Peleg-Caradawg and his feudal father Brân calls for comment. Brân is the Welsh version of Japheth’s son Javan; and Caradawg, a version of Peleg-Sabtecah with a name derived from the Andamese word for a crocodile Karaduku, identifying him with the Egyptian crocodile god Sobdek or Sobek. Because Peleg became one of the four horsemen of the Teutates panel and died in the Battle of Teutates, a logical conclusion is that the four horsemen were sworn as vassals by Javan to compensate him for the loss of his four vassals of 10:4, slain in the Battle of Metelis.

    Thus for a brief time at least, Javan became the feudal lord of Arphaxad I-Taranis, Eber, Peleg-Cernunnus and Joktan-Esus. These feudal relationships followed from Eber and Joktan’s vassalage to Javan’s grandfather Japheth as Tubal and Meshech. Kurdistan is the result of their allied victory in the Battle of Teutates.

    SHEBA II (10:7) See entry on JAPHETH.

    DEDAN See entry on NOAH. (10:7)

    NIMROD See entry on ASSHUR. (10:8)

    ZUD- (10:13)

    Eryx Hellenic son of Poseidon andAphrodite

    Shushuntarana ruler of Awan in Dynasty III period

    Sosondowah Iroquoian hunting god

    Susanowo Japanese storm god, son ofIzanagi

    Susuda Sumerian ruler of Kish in Dynasty II period

    ANAM- (10:13)

    Amaterasu Japanese sun goddess, daughter of Izanagi

    Ananda-Devi (Anata-Thewi) Austroasiatic goddess

    Ma’at Egyptian goddess of truth

    LEHAB- See entry on NOAH. (10:13)


    Anath Ugaritic goddess, sister wife ofBal and daughter of Dagan

    Bau Sumerian goddess

    Hamath- (10:18) Hebrew vassal of Canaan

    Hera Hellenic Olympian queen goddess,wife of Zeus

    Juno Roman version of Hera

    Nephthys Egyptian goddess of the Ennead,wife of Asir and daughter of Geband NutNinmar Sumerian goddess, daughter of Nanshe

    Saraswati Indian goddess

    PATHRUS- See entry on RIPHATH. (10:14)

    MASLUH- See entry on JAPHETH. (10:14)

    PHILIST- (10:14)

    Beli the Great Welsh son of Mynogan

    Bile variant of Beli

    Býleistr (“Squallraiser”) Norse brother of Loki and Helblindi

    Loki’s father Farbauti is Mizraim’s brother Canaan, not Mizraim himself. In this case Norse mythology treats the sons of Ham as collective body of “giants” equivalent to the Hamite Titans of Hellenic tradition.

    CAPHTOR- (10:14)

    DônWelsh daughter of Mynogan,sister of Beli the

    Great Selkhet, Egyptian scorpion goddess

    [unnamed] Cretan serpent goddess

    SIDON (10:15)

    Ea (Nudimmud) Akkadian sea god of wisdom

    Enki Sumerian sea god of wisdom

    Enmenunna Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Gudea Sumerian governor of Lagash

    Izanagi Japanese father of Susanowo and Amaterasu

    Ka-ap Egyptian pre-dynastic pharaoh at Thinis

    Kalbum Sumerian ruler of Kish in Dynasty III period

    Karibu (Ea)

    Kasyapa Indian sage, father of Surya by Diti

    Kothar-wa-khasis Ugaritic god of wisdom

    Loki Teutonic trickster god

    Pah Pawnee moon god, husband of Shakuru, a Sun Goddess.

    Poseidon Hellenic Olympian sea god

    Ptah Egyptian god of wisdom, lord of Caphtor-Crete

    Sanakhte Egyptian founder of Dynasty III

    Sint-Holo Muskhogean god of languages and writing, invisible horned serpent

    Tasmisu Hittite god

    The identification of Ea, Enki, Kothar-wa-khasis and Ptah is traditional among scholars. Instead of referring these names to a single human being as I do, conventional scholars explain these wisdom gods as the result of cross-cultural religious influence. The sequence from Caphtor, last of the Mizraim clan, and Sidon, first of the Canaanite, is meaningful in itself. As Egyptian Ptah, Sidon claims imperium over Caphtor-Crete just as Sidon-Poseidon claims imperium over the Mediterranean from the port of Sidon westward. The Hellenes accurately sourced the all-important family of Poseidon and Libya— the Javanites— in Phoenicia. Waddell claims to source the Brythonic Celts of Mynogan, Beli and Dôn in Phoenicia. The identification of Sint-Holo is based solely on attribute.

    HETH (10:15)

    .Er-Lang Chinese nephew of Jade Emperor

    Hades Hellenic Olympian god of the .underworld, brother of Poseidon

    Hedammu Hurrian sea monster, “son” of Kumarbi

    Lang Thai war god

    Oman Amazonian god

    Ur-Nanshe Sumerian founder of Lagashite

    Dynasty in Dynasty III period

    Er-Lang’s relationship to Arphaxad I (Jade Emperor) is explained by identifying Heth’s father Canaan, Arphaxad’s brother-in-law, as his “brother.” In the Hurrian Song of Hedammu, Heth is pictured as a sea monster consistent with his fathering the “eleven monsters” of the Marduk Epic, given the hostile reputation of Lagash and Waddell’s view that Ur-Nanshe and his family became masters of the sea. One of the Altaic “sons” of Bai Ulgan, Er-Kanim, suggests a form Ur-Kanym, based on the Altaic name of Bai Ulgan’s wife Kanym— Mahadevi wife of Noah. Mahadevi was Heth’s mother by Canaan.

    JEBUS- See entry on SHEM.


    AMOR- See entry on RIPHATH.


    GIRGASH- See entry on HAM.


    HIV- See entry on SABTECAH.


    ARK- See entry on GETHER.


    SIN- Amentet Egyptian goddess of the Libyan nome

    (10:1) Ceres Roman version of Demeter

    Demeter Hellenic Olympian goddess of grain

    Lakshmi Indian goddess

    ARVAD- AphroditeHellenic Olympian goddess of love, lover of Adonis


    Isa (Isis) Egyptian sister-wife of Asir in the Ennead, amagician

    Medea daughter of Colchian King Aeëtes inthe Argonautica, a magician

    Parvati Indian goddess, lover of Shiva

    Venus Roman version of Aphrodite


    .Ganga Indian goddess of the Ganges

    (10:18) Hestia Hellenic Olympian goddess

    of virginity

    Neith Egyptian goddess of virginity

    at Sais

    Tefnut Egyptian lioness goddess, sister wife

    of Shu

    Vesta Roman version of Hestia

    Zemyna Baltic earth goddess, daughter

    of Menulis

    HAMATH- See entry on NAPHTUH-.


    Shemite Section

    ELAM See entry on TUBAL.



    Ahriman Iranian god of evil, losing duelistin theUruk-Aratta War

    Amun Re Egyptian sun god of Wazet (Thebes)in Upper Egypt

    Ashur Assyrian god of war

    Huni Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty III

    Helius Hellenic “Sun,” son of Hyperion at Rhodes

    Hoenir Teutonic god

    Ion Hellenic son of Xuthus, eponym of Ionians

    Mars Roman god of war

    Nimrod (10:8) Hebrew son of Cush

    Ningirsu Sumerian god, version of Ninurtaat Lagash

    Ninib Assyrian version of Ninurta

    Ninurta Sumerian war god

    Olorun sky god of the Yoruba

    Orion Hellenic Titan mighty hunter at Chios

    Reu (11:18) Hebrew “son” of Peleg

    Sagara Indian king of the solar lineof Ayodhya

    Sargon Akkadian ruler, founder of the Akkadian Dynasty

    Utulkalamma Sumerian ruler of Eanna Dynasty

    Varuna Indian captor god

    The close parallel between Nimrod and Asshur in 10:10-11 identifies both names with Sargon. As Asshur, Nimrod founded Nineveh at some time during his Akkadian 56 years. The reappearance of the name Sargon among Assyrian rulers makes the point as does the continuity of Akkadian and Assyrian traditions. An internet source identifies two Asyrian kings Ushpiya and Apiashal as reigning in the period of Akkadian dominance. In view of Ahriman’s equation with evil in the Aryan tradition, note Waddell’s view that the Indians took their word for a demon, ashura, from the cruel example of the Assyrians prior to the Indian exodus from Cappadocia to Gangetic India.


    Amraphel (14:1) Hebrew king of Shinar (Sumer)


    Ares Hellenic Olympian god of war

    Asalluhe Sumerian version of Marduk

    Babilos (Bubilas) Balto-Slavic bee god

    Barsalnunna Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    [bee] of Hannahanna Hittite finder of Telipinus

    Belu Amorite king

    Belus Hellenic son of Poseidon

    Buri Teutonic grandfather of Odi

    Daksha II Indian grandson of Daksha I

    Diklah (10:27) Hebrew vassal of Joktan

    Djoser Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty III

    Horus Neterirykhet Horus name of Djoser

    Ilus Hellenic-Phrygian grandson

    .of Dardanus, same as Tros

    Kazalu Hurrian “son” of Kumarbi

    Lugalbanda Sumerian ruler of Eanna Dynasty,

    hero of Erechite victory over Aratta

    Lutpan Il variant of Tr Il

    Marduk (Bel) Akkadian creator god, hero

    of victory over Tiamat and Kingu

    Neuserre Egyptian pharaoh of Dynasty V

    NefertumEgyptian god of Memphis

    Picus “Woodpecker,” Roman son of Saturnus, .father of Faunus

    Rugievit Eight-faced, eight-sword Baltic god

    Shelah (10:24) Hebrew heir of Arphaxad I

    Shulme Gutian ruler

    Surya Indian sun god

    Tr Il Ugaritic god, father of

    Yamm, Athtar and Mot

    Tros Hellenic-Phrygian grandson

    of Dardanus, same as Ilus

    Tukla Prussian god of good fortune

    Utuhegal Sumerian founder of Fifth Uruk Dynasty

    LUD (10:22) See entry on SABTECAH.

    ARAM (10:22) See entry on MESHECH.

    UZ (10:23) Human Elamite god

    Magni Teutonic son of Thor

    Martu Sumerian god

    Martu Canaanite god

    Scythes Hellenic son of Herakles

    Umman Assyrian god

    Unzi Sumerian ruler at Akshak

    HUL (10:23) Hullr Teutonic son of Thor

    Hyllus Hellenic son of Herakles

    Kemur Egyptian “Black Bull” of Athribis

    Khaldi chief god of the Urartians

    Meskalamdug Sumerian inscriptional ruler of Ur

    Note how well the Egyptian name Kemur, “Black Bull,” fits the thicknecked, Negroid image of the Olmecs as sampled in San Lorenzo Head 6 displayed in Chapter Ten.

    GETHER Agathyrsus Hellenic son of Herakles

    (10:23) Arcas Hellenic son of Zeus

    Ark (10:17) Hebrew vassal of Canaan

    Arcturus (“King Arthur”) Welsh legendary king

    Gaur Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Igeshaush Gutian ruler

    Ur-Zababa Sumerian ruler of Fourth Kish

    MASH Madhe Teutonic son of Thor

    (10:23) Maskakatu Sumerian ruler of First Kish

    Math Syrian god

    Math Welsh son of Mathonwy
  13. Ross S Marshall

    Ross S Marshall Well-Known Member

    May 1, 2021
    Likes Received:
    ALL the following are-can be downloaded free-

    Some of the best "older" books research on COMPARATIVE MYTHOLOGY Are - foundations to Alexander Hislop, are these. (Hislop gets a lot of his identifications for Nimrod from Algernon Herbert in "NIMROD", 1828 and earlier pub dates. OTHER researchers into comparative etymology and mythology are:

    Dr. John D. Pilkey: origin of the Nations, Noah's family Speaks, Kingship At Its Source, Postdiluvian Timeline, Mesopotamian Timeline, and 3 other titles; OTHER older Titles:
    Andrew Ramsey 1779; Antoine Banier- Myth and Fables of the Ancients 1739; Sir William Jones- Asiatic Researches 1770s; JACOB BRYANT New Analysis of Mythology 1790s; Thomas Burnett Sacred theory of the earth 1719; George Stanley Faber- Origin of Pagan Idolatry 1800s; ALGERNON HERBERT "NIMROD" 1828 ed.; SAMUEL SHUCKFORD-1848 Sacred and Profane History; THOMAS BLACKWELL 1748 Letters Concerning Myth; and L.A. WADDELL- makers or Race and Civil.

    THE BEST comparative etymology books can be had by KEY WORD SEARCHES for:
    "SUMERIAN compared to Chinese, ... to Turkic languages - to Indo-European Languages- to Dravidian-Tamil- to Indus Writing, etc,.. LOLOL, Sumerian seems to be attached to and the prototype to just about all other lang groups, BUT etymologists say, it is an ISOLATE language and has no affinity to other languages. Well, it is a separate Isolate, BUT other L. groups house many LONE WORDS FROM Sumerian or at least share similar roots.

    Dr. John Pilkey's works are on Amazon and thru portal,
    Contact me for free PDFs.

    (Paragraphs added by moderator)
    Last edited by a moderator: May 3, 2021

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