Thank you, very much, Baud, for agreeing to participate! You have laid out some very important issues to address. I would like to begin by saying my question as to the purpose of government was intended on a far more elemental level. I have long thought the best form of government was a benevolent king. Of course, the worst form is a tyrannical king. And since kingdoms run across the spectrum, there is no guarantee the people will have either a good, bad or mediocre government. So kingdoms in my mind are not generally suitable for modern society. The purpose for government it seems to me, is to provide for a secure and stable society. Anarchy, by its nature, cannot provide for a stable society. Society is necessary to provide the best opportunity for each individual under given circumstances. That is, one lone individual against the elements (not to mention the rest of the world), stands little chance of survival. That individual must be not only able, but proficient, in acquiring food, shelter, water, health, sanitation, clothing, tools (weapons), and a host of other incidental necessities. A lone individual would then have to be a master gardener and/or hunter/fisher, fire builder, cook, shelter builder (with every thing that entails), water purifier, doctor, sanitary engineer, textile weaver or hide preparer, tailor, and tool/weapon manufacturer, likely involving metallurgy from casting to milling and finishing. And in the grandest sense, be able to accomplish these things with a toothpick and dental floss like McGiver (the TV show character who used to make wonderful contraptions out of bits and pieces of junk). I have intentionally belabored this to make a point, it is far too much for any person to hope to master in a lifetime, let alone be proficient in a survival setting. This is where society comes in. In a society, individuals can specialize, and allow for the greater opportunity for all to thrive. Nothing in life is guaranteed. Even in a social setting, individuals can flounder and perish. But their odds are greatly increased when dealing with the elements. An individual can be a gardener/farmer, and provide vegetable food for a society. A hunter/fisher can gather flesh food for a society. A fire starter can build fire for warmth, safety and industry. A chef can cook, etc. Some individuals can master multiple talents, a cook may learn to start their own fires for instance. But likely there is one or some within a given society that can accomplish these necessary tasks, and can teach others in order to continue that knowledge. In order to develop a working hypothesis, let us surmise how society may have been in prehistory. A group of like-minded individuals gathered around a strong protector for survival of the group. For the sake of discussion, let us call him the "chief." The chief then would provide of his talents for the protection of that society from outside and internal threats. The others, now relatively free to prosper without serious concern of threats, can then invest their energies into their respective talents. If a threat was serious enough from outside, the group could then rally behind the chief to face the threat. Internal threats pose their own problems, and for the sake of brevity I will forego those considerations. What we can see then is that government, "chief", allowed for relative peace and stability that few if any individuals could accomplish alone. Because of the energy expended in security, the lone individual hasn't the opportunity to flourish and thrive. A group however, interacting amongst themselves, could very easily prosper and thrive because of the division of labor, provided they had sufficient security. Government then, provides for the security and stability of a society, in order that the individuals that make up that society can flourish and thrive. This becomes crucial when one considers that non-essential knowledge, "technology", can only come about when a society's physiological and safety needs are met (to borrow from Abraham Maslow). That is, while it can be said that necessity is the mother of invention, technology comes about from free time gathered from the division of labor. Writing, for instance, is not a survival skill. It is not necessary for existence. Yet writing was able to be developed because that society was able to not only meet, but exceed their physiological and safety needs. Stated another way, if you are cold and hungry, your thoughts are of getting warm and fed. Idle thoughts at such a time are wasted energy, a very precious commodity in a survival situation. It is only when you are fed, and fed well, with no thoughts of your next meal, and warm and safe with no threat to those concerns, that your mind can be free to exercise. Government provides for the safety and security of society. To this point, I have discussed government at an elementary level. While the basic premise remains, it is compounded (confounded?) by size. It seems so easy at a tribal level, but when governing millions or billions of people, the infrastructure to provide that stability and security becomes extremely complex. Enter bureaucracy and red tape. Add to that the definitions of stability and security expand and compound as well. Security is no longer only from a tiger or a snowstorm or a rival tribal raid. Security is now from guns and bombs and WMD's. Stability is no longer behind a single strong man, it is behind a collection of supposedly wise elders and bureaucratic red tape. It is also important to note that government only comprises one aspect of society. Other aspects involve religion, economics and education. For the time being, these aspects must be considered only peripherally for the sake of brevity. However, these aspects have become crucial to society as well, and government is the instrument that seeks to tie these things together and form a functioning whole out of it all.