I thought I'd extend some ideas from a previous thread, and work with Dave's definition of what the soul may be for the purpose of this thread: My personal opinion is that every living thing has a "soul", in that every living thing contains some degree of "essence" that returns to a state of being at One with Divinity at death. By that I don't mean to suggest that bacteria are sentient - simply that their physical forms are like much smaller cups dipped into the waters of life - their bodies hold far less than ourselves, and so so they can only be aware of far far less, and in far different and more cruder ways than our own complex senses. I'd also suggest that current definitions of what constitute's "life" may also be lacking. Of course, no one has to agree with me here - hence this thread. So what is the consensus for what may or may not be privileged to have a soul? Is it all things? Just animals? Just some animals - especially mammals? Or is the soul a distinctly human-only gift?