As far as I know, "Gnosticism" can refer to either Gnostic Christianity or as an umbrella term for multiple knowledge seeking path with ties to early Christianity. I'm more concerned with the latter, but anyone with answers feel free to answer. 1.) Does Gnosticism have to be inherently dualistic? Are there any non-dualistic streams of thought in Gnosticism? Are there any that might resemble Vishishtadvaita from Hinduism? 2.) What exactly are the Demiurge and Sophia? 3.) Can one be apart of an orthodox or "official" Christian denomination and still also identify as Gnostic? Or at least have theological influence from it? 4.) How would you counteract criticisms that Gnosticism is a "depressing" or "material denying" path? 5.) Branching from 4, does Gnosticism literally deny the material world? In that the physical world does not actually exist? 6.) I've gotten a general impression that Gnostics tend to be anti-science. Is this inherently so? 7.) Is God evil? 8.) Are heaven and hell literally real or are they more symbolic? 9.) What is the nature of Christ? Is he the divine savior and son of God? Or more of a Promethean/Luciferian archetype? 10.) Can one be a non-theistic Gnostic? In that, they apply Gnostic metaphysics, philosophy, and spirituality to their life; but don't necessarily believe in God?