Astikas and Nastikas

Aupmanyav

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Wikipedia has a wonderful (new) article on "Astika and Nastika". I suggest that interested members may have a look at it as to what Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism considered to be Astika or Nastika:

"The most common meaning of astika and nastika, in Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism was the acceptance and adherence to ethical premises, and not textual validity or doctrinal premises, states Nicholson. It is likely that astika was translated as orthodox, and nastika as heterodox, because the early European Indologists carried the baggage of Christian theological traditions and extrapolated their own concepts to Asia, thereby distorting the complexity of Indian traditions and thought."
 
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