I've only just started reading about Reconstructionaism and Traditionalism. Effectively they are very specific areas of Neopaganism that seem to especially seek to recreate and emulate the actual living religions of ancient peoples. For example, Celtic Traditionalism seeks to specilaise in specific areas of Celtic belief - often based on a certain Geographic area, such as the Isle of Man, Scotland, Ireland, Brittany, or Wales. However, although there is a definitely something to be lauded in the attitude of attempting to discern and live by ancient beliefs to any degree in the modern world, I wonder how successful Traditionalism/Reconstructionism can actually be? For examples, particular objections can include: 1/ the limited written sources 2/ the complete difference in lifestyle Although I appreciate that some degree of oral tradition - frmo the Celts through the Anglo-Saxons to Vikings - has been recorded for posterity, what these written sources often fail to allow for is the deeply individual and tribalisitc nature of belief. By that I mean that - as with Hinduism - there is often wide local variation. All too often even history and mythology books make sweeping statements and effectively communicate an erroneous notion of ancient peoples have a very set and widely determined pantheon - when this is absolutely not supported by deeper research. So reading the Ulturion Cycles of Irish folklore doesn't give a direct sense of actual everyday Irish living and folk belief - which would actually be the main thrust of daily concerns. It's for that same reason that Ancient Egyptians (especially of the Middle to New Kingdoms) would more likely be dealing with figures such as Bes, rather than the major deities which in themselves often had no immediate role in everyday living - the temples to major deities such as Hours, Osiris, and Isis, were actually closed to the common populace. As for the second problem - essentially, ancient peoples were shaped by their belief by the harsh realities of their existence: high infant mortality, serous diseases, the threat of famine and war. These are all issues we rarely have to face in the Western world. In fact, it is precisely because we are so distant from these threats that it can be argued that Western Culture creates its own spiritual vacuum in the first place. And its on that point in particularly that I wonder how successful Reconstructionism and Traditionalism can be. A starter for discussion.