The Templeton Foundation ... essays 2


So it goes ...
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Does science make belief in God obsolete?

Yes, if by...

Steven Pinker is the Johnstone Family Professor in the department of psychology at Harvard University.

No, and yes.
Christoph Cardinal Schönborn, O.P., is a Dominican friar, the Archbishop of Vienna, Austria, a Member of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and the Congregation for Education of the Roman Catholic Church, and was lead editor of the Catechism of the Catholic Church.

Absolutely not!

William D. Phillips, a Nobel Laureate in physics, is a fellow of the Joint Quantum Institute of the University of Maryland and the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Not necessarily.

Pervez Amirali Hoodbhoy is chairman of the department of physics at Quaid-e-Azam University in Islamabad, Pakistan, and is the author of Islam and Science: Religious Orthodoxy and the Battle for Rationality.

Of course not.
Mary Midgley is a philosopher with a special interest in ethics, human nature, and science, and is the author of Evolution as a Religion and Science as Salvation.

Robert Sapolsky is John A. and Cynthia Fry Gunn Professor of Biological Sciences and professor of neurology and neurological sciences at Stanford University. He is the author of Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers, The Trouble with Testosterone, and A Primate's Memoir.

No, but it should.
Christopher Hitchens is the author of God Is Not Great and the editor of The Portable Atheist.

Keith Ward is a Fellow of the British Academy, an ordained priest in the Church of England, a Canon of Christ Church, Oxford, and the author of The Big Questions in Science and Religion, Pascal's Fire: Scientific Faith and Religious Understanding, Is Religion Dangerous?, and Re-Thinking Christianity.

Victor J. Stenger is emeritus professor of physics and astronomy, University of Hawaii, adjunct professor of philosophy, University of Colorado, and the author of seven books including God: The Failed Hypothesis—How Science Shows That God Does Not Exist.

No, not at all.

Jerome Groopman is the Recanati Professor of Medicine at Harvard and author of How Doctors Think.

It depends.
Michael Shermer is the publisher of Skeptic magazine (Skeptic: Home: The Skeptics Society & Skeptic magazine), a monthly columnist for Scientific American (, a professor at Claremont Graduate University, and the author of How We Believe, Why Darwin Matters, and The Mind of the Market.

Of course not.
Kenneth R. Miller is a professor of biology at Brown University and the author of Finding Darwin's God: A Scientist's Search for Common Ground between God and Evolution and of Only a Theory: Evolution and the Battle for America's Soul.

No, but only if...
Stuart Kauffman is the director of the Institute for Biocomplexity and Informatics at the University of Calgary and an external professor at the Santa Fe Institute. His most recent book is Reinventing the Sacred: A New View of Science, Reason, and Religion.



not a one asked someone who has done the actual work, unbiased, with no need of self, all for the simple 'good' of life...

so does life have purpose? absolutely! To continue.

Whether is be a dog on your leg or a fly in your food; to even a youn man all wound up with them naturally evolved testosterone; all with an intent to continue (ie... the dog is on your leg because maybe he thinks you make good babies)

But see the flowers of nature; there whole existence is to reproduce (continue)

Life is purposed to continue........ and find how on this earth, life has been kicking the behind out of chaos and entropy.......... we still here!

Back to the reality check:

If each person could comprehend each action or experience, maybe not immediately but have the ability to look it up and even drill down all the way to the math of the trinity (all mass,energy, time)... to realize absolute truth..........

then no child ever have to think magic is the final answer to 'creation'.....

the truth is absolute as nature (God) does not fib but theology and religions do; they must have compliance that the unknown can never be known (until dead) and what a waste of minds that ideology creates.

Light is the life upon mass and with this change to comprehension; then no answer goes unaswered, as it is the purpose, intent and gift on consciousness as without choice, not a single word we know could exist.

likewise; if species are known to evolve, then realize so has knowledge and that pinnacle is when mankind comprehends exactly what makes us alive;

thereby equality, comprehension, understanding and ultimately WORLD PEACE

so say good bye to theology as your source of the last word and even in all them old source, they said a day would come when the truth will exist and ever lasting peace will reign....

well now you know how it will all come about!
No, but it should.
Christopher Hitchens is the author of God Is Not Great and the editor of The Portable Atheist.

This one cracked me up. Points toward the obvious question... if it should, why doesn't it?

I'll have to read through these and maybe order some of the books. Thanks Thomas!