For those who are not familiar neurotheology is a word used to describe the study of the chemical and biological basis of religious experience. The word was originally coined by Aldous Huxley in in the 1950's but as recent as last year articles have been written on the subject in publications such as News Week. Recently a study was conducted at Johns Hopkins University that showed that psilocybin (the active ingredient in psilocybe mushrooms) effectively induced profound religious or mystical experiences in most of its subjects. Further followup studies indicate that this experience has had a lasting positive effect on the participants. HOPKINS SCIENTISTS SHOW HALLUCINOGEN IN MUSHROOMS CREATES UNIVERSAL ?MYSTICAL? EXPERIENCE I also can across this interesting and perhaps provocative paper when I combine the search term "evolutionary" with "neurotheology". http://www.cs.utk.edu/~mclennan/papers/EvolutionaryNeurotheology-long.pdf So what do you think? Does religious experience have a neurological or chemical basis? If so is it okay to use medicine in place of more traditional practices such as fasting, sensory deprivation etc. to achieve the same neurological state?