Dauer, You said, "I never stated Jews aren't God's chosen people." --> I am glad to hear that my understanding of Jews as considering themselves to be God's chosen people has been correct all these years. "The issue is the concept of chosenness that such a statement refers to." --> Fortunately, we are all free to make an interpretation as to what it means for a group of people to consider themselves to be God's chosen people. However, I am surprised to hear that some Jews have an interpretation that is different than what many non-Jewish people (myself included) have. I am glad that we have this opportunity to share our differing opinions on the subject. "The nature of a covenant is that it binds both members of an agreement to keep to their part of a deal." --> It sounds like the Jewish covenant provides Jews with opportunities that non-Jews will never be able to benefit from. What is the "better" pay-off Jews receive for keeping their part of the covenant? Heaven? Is such a pay-off considered by Jews to be different or better than a Christian or Muslim Heaven, or a Buddhist Pureland?