Good point wil, I don't know what to do with that deviation. First I don't know if they have guilt like we define it, something similar or if we simply project our own responds on them. Is it only dogs also, or is it their interactions with humans? Humans have been bred to respond to us, reading our faces and looking where we point. I'm convinced that there isn't any choice, as we understand it, on the part of the dog but rather instinct vs. the strength of learnt behaviour. Wil, have you ever thought that the dog does that thing with it's face because it can get away with more if it does?