Nor does shadow, except as the lack of light: full darkness is the certainty of the complete lack of all light, but there is no fullness of light, from ten million suns -- always a brighter light?
Well, money as a spiritual concept, being real without having existence, may have been a bit polemical and misleading.
Here's what I was hinting at:
So far, this discussion was focussed on ordering forces which can be readily observed and scientifically theorized about - physics, statistical probability of birth, etc.
All of these have both a physical existence in this universe, as well as being real in our experience.
My limited understanding of Kaplan's views is that these ordering principles are endorsed as divine.
How about ordering principles which lack the physical existence, and yet have real power over our lives?
Money - yes, I already admitted this was too crass an example, maybe.
But ethics? The ordering principles of ethics can't be empirically observed independently from our personal, lived experience. Ethics has no physical existence - the books of law are again representations, icons, tokens, but they are not "ethics" in and of themselves.
How does Kaplan view such ordering principles which are not rooted in the physical universe?
(I'd love it if @RabbiO
were to have a moment of spare time to weigh in, but suspect that he's got plenty of work right now, what with the holiday schedule and all that)