I know the Torah or Old Testament to Christians was attested in Greek which was apparently derived from Hebrew versions, but what evidence do we have that these Hebrew versions actually existed? What are the modern day Torahs derived from?
The Hebrew scrolls that they have ALWAYS had in the synagogues, each one copied from an older exemplar with painstaking care to avoid even a single-letter change.Ok, I have heard of the Dead Sea Scrolls, but they were discovered in the 1900's. What did Jews refer to before then for like litergical purposes?
What is particularly interesting about the distribution is that the inheritance of languages often is quite different from the genetic ancestry. Of course, we can see modern examples: Jamaicans speak English, but have only a little Anglo-Saxon in their ancestry. In Ethiopia, where there are South Semitic languages and the "Cush" group (the forum won't let me write "Cush" with the "-itic" suffix!), there is a minority genetic type with as dark a skin-tone as other Africans but a different facial structure, lacking the broadened nose and lips of the "Negroid" face; this used to be called the "Hamitic" type but now the anthropologists scramble for a different word for it because "Hamite" is thought of as derogatory ("Negroid" isn't considered acceptable by everyone either).Interesting, thank you.