Creation or Evolution: The Statistics!!!

Discussion in 'Belief and Spirituality' started by Awaiting_the_fifth, Sep 2, 2005.

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Creation or evolution?

  1. Creation

    20 vote(s)
    43.5%
  2. Evolution

    26 vote(s)
    56.5%
  1. bob x

    bob x New Member

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    GO TO A LIBRARY. He is not citing to "obscure" journals but to journals you should be able to find on the shelves just about anywhere.
    Evolution happens by small steps. After a hundred speciations, the resemblance to the original is meager.
    Sometimes, giving sterile hybrids however. But there is a recorded case of a speciation through interbreeding of cabbage and turnip (also in the Brassicaceae family I think): the fertilized ovum went through a polyploidy (copying all the chromosomes without splitting the cell) so that each descendant cell had two copies of all the cabbage chromosomes and two of all the turnip chromosomes, and thus the new plant could breed with itself, but not with either cabbage or turnip. Unfortunately this species has a root like a cabbage and foliage like a turnip!
     
  2. bob x

    bob x New Member

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    The coelacanth is an "actinist crossopterygian". The "rhipidistian crossopterygians" were the shallow-water group; they are now extinct, unless you count all their tetrapod descendants.
     
  3. juantoo3

    juantoo3 ʎʇıɹoɥʇnɐ uoıʇsǝnb

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    Besides the imposition on my precious little free time, is it not the onus of the original presenter to "prove" it and allow for peer review?

    Which is where I can agree with the application of time. However, once again, are these "speciations" not more appropriately called sub-speciations until such time as the offspring are no longer able to interbreed with the parent stock in order to be truly classed as "species?"

    I recall reading of this. A researcher in Russia performed this in the lab in the middle of the 20th century. Turnip, as I recall from the paper, is *not* in the brassica family, which made the experiment rather remarkable. Ah, I believe my memory is tricking me, so I must correct myself. Turnip is brassica, so the cross was with a radish as I recall. Root of cabbage, leaves of radish.

    However, do we then include laboratory examples along with natural and field hybrids? What of Alba the genetically engineered rabbit? Is she to be counted as a new species? Or boiengineered crops, like corn merged with BT?
     
  4. juantoo3

    juantoo3 ʎʇıɹoɥʇnɐ uoıʇsǝnb

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    Kindest Regards, bobx!
    Very well. I would have thought the program might have pointed this out.

    Here is the link:
    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/fish/
     
  5. Tao_Equus

    Tao_Equus Interfaith Forums

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    I would not discount the possibilty that the draining of an inland sea down the path of the grand canyon actualy happened or that is in part responsible for the formation of the canyon as we see it. But why cant both theories be true? The colorado river maybe continued the work of that original deluge.
    The Grand canyons walls are composed of relitively soft sedimentry limestones and sandstones for most of its depth. The youngest of those are found in the Kaibab and Coconino Plateaus and date from around 250-285 million years old and show in the fossils found there that this was once a warm shallow sea. This time corresponds to the same time frame as 'the ocean of Kansas' that you so kindly shared a link. If that sea did indeed drain by way of the Grand Canyon in such a cataclysmic way then we would be unlikely to see the meandering pattern we observe. If you take a sandcastle and put a slow steady trickle of water to it the effect is very different than throwing a bucket full of water with some force. Try it for yourself.
    The earliest fossils found in the canyon are stromatolites with an age of around 1250million years old. All the rocks older than that are metamorphic and so contain no fossils.
     
  6. juantoo3

    juantoo3 ʎʇıɹoɥʇnɐ uoıʇsǝnb

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    Kindest Regards, Tao Equus!
    Indeed, and no problem. Most likely it probably was a "somewhere in between" reality that is factual truth. Which only goes to verify how inaccurate our guesswork is. Purely speculating, if the Grand Canyon had been on one end of this sea, it would fully account for fossils much older than the actual creation of the canyon itself. I seem to recall reading that the Dino fossil finds were concentrated in small areas, such as one might expect if a flood event occured. However, since I have not seen this myself, I cannot confirm it. I might also point out the scablands (?) formation in Washington state, which is acknowledged by geologists to have occured in a very rapid manner.
     
  7. Vajradhara

    Vajradhara One of Many

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    well... you could visit a library and see if they have back issues of Nature, Science and other texts.

    you shouldn't believe any of these scientists, as they are all part of the EAC :)


    incorrect, Juan, scientific theories are not the Good News. you shouldn't accept a single scientific theory unless you can demonstrate it to your own satisfaction.

    is "true speciation" like "true Scotsmen" and "true Christians"?

    metta,

    ~v
     
  8. Vajradhara

    Vajradhara One of Many

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    they have been peer reviewed... that's how one gets articles published in Nature and Science :)

    hey.. you don't have to believe me, you could ask someone like Dr. Behe, for instance, who is now currently arguing for the inclusion of Intelligent Design being part of the biology class.

    metta,

    ~v
     
  9. juantoo3

    juantoo3 ʎʇıɹoɥʇnɐ uoıʇsǝnb

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    Kindest Regards, Vaj!
    Indeed, or at the very least consistent argument using terms that are not variable in value.

    Or perhaps like "true Buddhists?" Should I dig out your reply to my question from long ago when I asked you to define "species?" And then demonstrate the variable application in contrast to that definition over what now, three major threads (some over 200 posts)? May I refresh with the link you provided demonstrating the problem of consistent classification and use of the term "species" among biologists, how even among researchers there is conflict and inconsistent application of the term? May I provide the many contributions from multiple contributors that highlight the very problems I have been demonstrating, specifically holding cosmetic appearance as "proof" of speciation? Shall I tear apart and analyze those threads and count the discrepencies?

    Would you accept the raw evidence that took place right before your very eyes?
     
  10. wil

    wil UNeyeR1

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    They say currently Americans are at an all time high with fertility issues...some reports as high as 25% having reproductive problems...definitely double digits cannot conceive normally....new species?
     
  11. Tao_Equus

    Tao_Equus Interfaith Forums

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    Definitely!!! I propose the name Homo McDonalds!!!
     
  12. bob x

    bob x New Member

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    It has already been peer reviewed. If you do not trust the scientific community to review evidentiary claims, then you can look into the matter yourself. But you don't want to do that either.
    In most of the speciation events on the talk-origins list, it was verified that the offspring were no longer able to interbreed with the parent.
    Is there any barrier to interbreeding with other rabbits? If not, then certainly no. If it is impossible to breed Alba with other rabbits, then certainly yes. If there are intermediate levels of difficulty then we have a semantic issue about where to draw species lines.
    Yes indeed. When these happen in a very rapid manner, the signs are unmistakable. If the Genesis flood had occurred, there should be scablands everywhere on earth, which there are not. An undulating canyon like the Colorado is not like a scabland formation at all, and shows every sign of a gradualist rather than abrupt history.
     
  13. Vajradhara

    Vajradhara One of Many

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    b'Shalom Juan,

    thank you for the post.

    indeed, it's rather odd how words can have multiple meanings depending on their context and the understanding of those using them.

    what, pray tell, is a "true Buddhist"?

    if you are willing to spend the time doing that, don't you think that it would be a more wise use of your time to investigate the referenced claims?

    you can, of course, do what you'd like to do. you can quote and cite and chastise as much as you see fit. regardless of my lack of precision or understanding, it is what it is.

    metta,

    ~v
     
  14. juantoo3

    juantoo3 ʎʇıɹoɥʇnɐ uoıʇsǝnb

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    I see, since I remarked I do not have the time to do someone else's homework, the onus falls on me. Nice attempt to dodge, but no dice. Over the last year and a half I have printed out and studied enough material to compose an encyclopedia, albeit a small one, to add to my already long interest in this subject. So I think your snide comment is a bit below the belt, don't you think?

    What is the matter? Not accustomed to logical challenges to dogma? Of heretical students daring to challenge the status quo? Scared of the white underbelly being exposed for what it is???

    And to think, I'm just having a little fun! :D

    Very well, I will return and have a look. Considering the very start acknowledges (truthfully!) that there is conflict over the meaning of the term "species," perhaps I should give them more than average consideration. We will see.

    Since she is confined, we will likely never know if she can breed.

    Likewise, considering research done by Glen Morton, I do not think the Genesis flood was global. But there are signs of flood in places, and a littany of cultural myths regarding the matter to suggest there was some type of wide scale flood calamity that did strike very late in pre-historic or very early in historic times. The question regards how much over where. Whether or not this would include the Grand Canyon is open to question.
     
  15. juantoo3

    juantoo3 ʎʇıɹoɥʇnɐ uoıʇsǝnb

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    Kindest Regards, Vaj!
    For a poet, this is acceptable. For scientific nomenclature, it is not.

    What is a true Scotsman, or a true Christian?

    Actually, those I could find on the 'net, I have. I haven't the time to travel 30 miles out of my way to peruse for many hours through science mags.
     
  16. Tao_Equus

    Tao_Equus Interfaith Forums

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    Likewise, considering research done by Glen Morton, I do not think the Genesis flood was global. But there are signs of flood in places, and a littany of cultural myths regarding the matter to suggest there was some type of wide scale flood calamity that did strike very late in pre-historic or very early in historic times. The question regards how much over where. Whether or not this would include the Grand Canyon is open to question.[/QUOTE]

    The time frame reference for the Grand Canyon to have been a possible exit point from which an inland sea drained is some 65 million years ago. (Begs further questions on was the relatively nearby impact of the meteorite widely regarded for the death of dinosaurs an influence) Any localised flooding events that happened in more recent times, such as the flooding of the black sea, can be directly attributed to the effects of the receding ice sheets at the end of the last glaciation period some 10,000 years ago. These flooding events coincide nicely with creationist ideas but are none the less a very powerful argument against them.
     
  17. juantoo3

    juantoo3 ʎʇıɹoɥʇnɐ uoıʇsǝnb

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    I found a reference to this on the talkorigins page bob referenced:
     
  18. juantoo3

    juantoo3 ʎʇıɹoɥʇnɐ uoıʇsǝnb

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    Found this, although I am not certain just which cole crops are being referred to:
    Note that this is not speciation in the sense of a new species, but in showing the relationships of existing species to each other.
     
  19. lunamoth

    lunamoth Episcopalian

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    Hi Juantoo3,

    I did find something about being able to rescue embryos from a tomato-potato cross to get a viable plant, and also something about the radish-cabbage (or something, now I can't remember, dang) flop. So I agree that some members of these families are still so closely related that the barriers to reproduction can be overcome. There is also the problem of genes drifting from recombinant crops into wild relatives growing nearby, so I am aware that this can happen. But, as Bobx pointed out, the further away you go from the progenitor/parent line, the less likely you can get a fertile offspring from the hybrid, and if the the progeny is not fertile, well, end of line. Not a successful reproduction.

    I didn't want to ignore your follow-up posts, but I also must admit that I would rather leave this thread before my interest in it turns to exasperation. Really, I did not mean to play the game who is most clever or can dig up the most facts and I apologize if my previous post came off that way. You and I are on different wavelengths on this one, and we will have to agree to disagree on your thesis that science is actually a dogmatic religion. I think that characterization creates more confusion than understanding.

    peace,
    lunamoth
     
  20. Tao_Equus

    Tao_Equus Interfaith Forums

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    This thread seems to have become bogged down in semantics over speciation and I am not quite sure that I understand what the creationist argument is. The imperatives that drive evolution are always enviromental and the number of mutations limited by population density and a given species ability to adapt to changes in the enviroment. It is in the interest of any species to be able to breed with any sub-species for as long as possible as this increases its chances of successful reproduction. Without the aid of genetic manipulation through intensive breeding programs or more directly using modern gene technologies this process is slow and unobservable in a human lifetime.

    As a result of reading this thread I was astounded to come across so many Creationist sites full of blatant missinterpretations of facts. From the the formation of the first building blocks of life thru to the evolution of Homo sapiens there is a plethora of statistical nonsense, unproveable speculation and outright lies. I do not for one second entertain the thought that we have a complete and incontrovertable theory of evolution but the body of empirical evidence to support most of the basic principles is compelling. For me discovering so many sites promalgating this kind of disinformation is a worry and yet more proof of the increasing secularisation in our global society into dangerously insular communities. I would have hoped that in todays age of Information we would start moving toward a more hopeful path. Instead we seem to be heading into a new Dark Age.

    Reading many threads here my heart is warmed by the many people who have Spiritual values and who ooze compassion and love for humanity in thier every word. I hope for my children and my childrens children that evolution see's your like prevail.
     

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